Regulation of quinone oxidoreductase by a redox-sensing transcriptional regulator QorR in Corynebacterium glutamicum.
J. Biol. Chem. 284: 16736-16742. 2009.
S. Ehira, H. Ogino, H. Teramoto, M. Inui and H. Yukawa.

Corynebacterium glutamicum cgR_1435 (cg1552) encodes a protein of the DUF24 protein family, which is a novel family of transcriptional regulators. CgR1435 (QorR) is a negative regulator of cgR_1436 (qor2), which is located upstream of cgR_1435 (qorR) in the opposite orientation, and its structural gene. QorR binds to the intergenic region between qor2 and qorR to repress their expression, which is induced by the thiol-specific oxidant diamide. The DNA-binding activity of QorR is impaired by oxidants such as diamide, H2O2 and cumene hydroperoxide in vitro, and its lone cysteine residue (Cys-17) is essential for redox-responsive regulation of QorR activity both in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, a disruptant of qor2, which is a homologue of the ytfG gene of Escherichia coli encoding quinone oxidoreductase, shows increased sensitivity to diamide. It is concluded that the redox-sensing transcriptional regulator QorR is involved in disulfide-stress response of C. glutamicum by regulating the qor2 expression.