Cloning and nucleotide sequence of the beta-D-glucosidase gene from Bifidobacterium breve clb, and expression of beta-D-glucosidase activity in Escherichia coli.
Biosci. Biotech. Biochem. 60: 2011-2018. 1996.
N. Nunoura, K. Ohdan, K. Tanaka, H. Tamaki, T. Yano, M. Inui, H. Yukawa, K. Yamamoto and H. Kumagai.

Genomic DNA encoding a beta-D-glucosidase (EC, which has beta-D-fucosidase activity, was cloned from Bifidobacterium breve clb. We sequenced a 1.9-kbp cloned DNA fragment that contained a single open reading frame encoding 460 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 51,513 Da. A putative ribosome binding site was found 5 bp upstream of the initiation codon. The amino acid sequence of this beta-D-glucosidase from Bifidobacterium breve clb had 46% identity with that of beta-glucosidase from Microbispore bispore. The enzyme of Bifidobacterium breve clb was expressed in Escherichia coli. A cell-free extract prepared from the recombinant strain showed 80 to 90-fold more beta-D-glucosidase activity than that from Bifidobacterium breve clb. The recombinant enzyme was purified to homogeneity from cell-free extracts of the recombinant strain using 4 column chromatographies. The recovery of enzyme from the recombinant strain was about 138-fold-higher than that of Bifidobacterium breve clb. The enzymatic properties were similar to those of Bifidobacterium breve clb. For application of this recombinant enzyme, we attempted to synthesize a disaccharide that seemed to be specifically assimilated by Bifidobacteria using the condensation activity of the enzyme.